Re: benchmarking of RP systems

From: Douglas A. VanPutte (
Date: Thu Aug 30 2001 - 22:33:30 EEST


In 1992, I presented "A Brief Benchmarking Study of Rapid Prototyping Systems" at the Dayton Conference. It was from a study I did at Kodak. A copy should be in the proceedings.

Douglas A. VanPutte
Consultant & Manufacturers Agent
Cross-Bow Rapid Tool Associates, Inc.
18 Cross Bow Drive
Rochester, NY 14624-4710
716-889-7335 fax
716-329-1308 cell

----- Original Message ----- From: Elaine Hunt To: RPML Sent: Thursday, August 30, 2001 1:44 PM Subject: benchmarking of RP systems

Since I will not do the library search for you I will provide the following. Let me know if any are missing....... No I will not copy and send them to you........sorry but that's life. Elaine

Year Title of Publication Author(s) 1989 A common test part-whatamacallit R. Aubin 1990 Stereolithography Process Accuracy Edward Gargiulo 1990 Common Test Part for Accuracy Study Edward Gargiulo 1990 Stereolithography Process Accuracy: User Experience Edward Gargiulo 1991 A Study of Stereolithography Uniformity and Repeatability Douglas Van Putte 1991 On the Structure/Properties relationships in Photoinitiators of Polymerization JP Fouassier 1992 On Windowpanes and Christmas-Trees: Diagnostic Techniques for Improved Part Accuracy Hop Nguyen, Jan Richter, Paul Jacobs 1992 Surface Finish in Three Dimensional Printing Tailin Fan, Alan Lauder,Emanual Sachs, Michael Cima 1992 Improving Stereolithography Part Quality Practical Solutions Jinghong Li 1992 Stereolithography Process Accuracy: Further User Experience Edward Gargiulo 1992 Rapid Prototyping Technology: Benchmarking Comparison L. D. Schmidt 1992 A Benchmarking Comparison of Commercial Techniques in Rapid Prototyping L. D. Schmidt 1992 Chrysler Compares Rapid Prototyping Systems T. Wholers 1992 Reduced Distortion in Optical Freeform Fabrication with UV Lasers EJ Murphy, RE Ansel, JJ Krajewski 1992 Stereolithography Accuracy and Photosensitive Materials R. Peiffer 1992 User Accuracy Study- Update and Future Plans E. Gargiulo 1993 Stereolithography 1993:Resins, Part Accuracy and Investment Casting Dr. Paul Jacobs 1993 An Experimental study of the parameters affecting Curl in parts created using Stereolithography l. Horton, E. Gargiulo, M. Keefe 1993 Epoxy Resin LMB 5302 User Part Accuracy and Optical Creep Test Thomas Pang 1993 Status of In-Plane Accuracy Benchmark Progress E. Gargiulo 1993 Measurement Results of Benchmark Parts C. Atwood, G. McCarty, A. Bryce 1994 Benchmarking Rapid Prototyping for use in Manufacturing Chris Hicks 1994 A comparison of rapid prototyping processes NP Juster, THC Childs 1994 Aspects of Process Optimization for Stereolithography D. Kochan 1994 A new user part for performances evaluation of rapid prototyping systems L. Iuliano, R. Ippoloto, A De Filippi 1994 Optimizing materials and process parameters for different rapid prototyping applications Mike Shellabear 1994 A worldwide assessment of rapid prototyping technologies R. F. Aubin 1994 Benchmarking of Rapid Prototyping Systems: Beginning to Set Standards D. Jayaram, A. Bagchi, C. Jara-Almonte, 1994 Benchmarking of Rapid Prototyping Systems: Beginning to Set Standards D. Jayaram, A. Bagchi, C. Jara-Almonte, S. O'Reilly 1994 Characterization of the Rapid Prototyping Build Process K. Newsome, J. Kirstein, W. Kennedy 1994 Studies in Stereolithography: Influence of Process Parameters on Curl Distortion in Photopolymer Models S. Jayanthi, M. Keefe, E. Gargiulo 1994 Studies in Stereolithography: Effects of Process Parameters on the Accuracy of Photopolymer Solid Models Suresh Jayanthi 1995 Investigation into the influence of material and process on part distortion B Wiedemann, K. H. Dusel, J. Eschl 1995 Multiobjective optimization of part building orientation in Stereolithography W. Cheng, JYH Fuh, AYC Nee, YS Wong, HT loh, T. Miyazawa 1995 Benchmarking of Rapid Prototyping Techniques in Terms of Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Finish Ippolito, R., Iuliano, L. & Gatto, A 1995 Layer position Accuracy in powder based rapid prototyping SJJ Lee, E. Sachs, M. Cima 1995 Benchmarking- Selecting your system Peter Marks 1995 Rapid Prototyping and 3D CAD systems: The Need for benchmark support based on case studies Ian Gibson, Steven R. Hanekroot 1995 An Error Compensation Strategy for Replication by Rapid Prototyping ML Philpot, PA Green 1995 Expert System-based selection of the preferred direction of build for rapid prototyping processes D. Frank, G. Fadel 1995 Mechanical Properties Evaluation of Stereolithographic Photopolymers Suresh Jayanthi 1995 Adaptive slicing of parametrizable algebraic surfaces for Layered Manufacturing Kulkarni, Prashant; Dutta, Debasish 1995 Recoating issues in stereolithography Renap, K.; Kruth, J.P. 1996 Structural quality of parts processed by fused deposition Mukesh Agarwala, Vikram Jamalabad, Noshir Langrana, Ahmad Safari, Phillip Whalen, Stephen Danforth 1996 Advances in Part Accuracy Bedal, B. & Nguyen, H. 1996 Creating a Database of Rapid Prototyping System Capabilities Campbell, R.I. & Bernie, M.R.N 1996 Accuracy Issues in CAD to RP translations Georges Fadel, Chuck Kirschman 1996 Improvement of part accuracy-investigations into the basics of photopolymerisation KH Dusel, J. Eshl, E. Wisemann 1996 Investigation on Stereolithography accuracy on both massive and quickcast parts A. Carosi, L. Iuliano, L. Settineri 1996 Issues in fabricating manufacturing tooling using powder-based additive freeform fabrication Paul, B.K. & Baskaran, S. 1996 Principles of optimization of Laser assisted systems for rapid prototyping and manufacturing VP Veiko, SA Rodionov, BP Timofeev, AT Shakola, AK Kromin 1996 Investment Casting Tooling Project Almond, H. 1996 Surface Deviation Modelling of LMT Processes - a Comparative Analysis Reeves, P.E. & Cobb, R.C. 1996 ACES Build Accuracy of the Kodak Benchmark Mold Douglas Van Putte 1996 Stereolithography Accuracy : Past, Present, and Future Paul Jacobs 1996 Effects of Pre-dip Delay on Print Through Kamesh Tata 1996 Benchmarking the application of quality function deployment in rapid prototyping Ghahramani, Bahador 1996 Influence of process parameters on stereolithography part shrinkage Wang, W.L.; Cheah, C.M.; Fuh, J.Y.H.; Lu, L. 1996 Experimental design and analysis of in-plane processing accuracy for SSM process Wang, Wanlong; Feng, Wei; Yan, Yongnian; Fuh, Jerry Y.H 1996 Computational methods for rapid prototyping of analytic solid models Farouki, Rida T.; Konig, Thomas 1996 Investigation of the effect of various build methods on the performance of rapid prototyping (stereolithography) Williams, R.E.; Komaragiri, S.N.; Melton, V.L.; Bishu, R.R. 1996 Basic powder metallurgical aspects in selective metal powder sintering Kruth, J.-P.; Van der Schueren, B.; Bonse, J.E.; Morren, B. 1997 Process selection criteria for rapid prototyping and the implementation of a decision support system Bown, M. 1997 Material properties and fabrication parameters on selective laser sintering process Ian Gibson, Dongping Shi 1997 benchmarking Various Methods of Rapid Prototyping Systems J P Harrison 1997 Uquantification of Downfacing Z-Error Part II Kamesh Tata 1997 Optimizing the use of Stereolithography Photopolymers Bronson Hokuf 1997 Rapid prototyping and rapid tooling - new developments Arnold-Feret, Barbara J. 1997 Will fabricators provide the accuracy needed by toolmakers? Hastbacka, Albin 1997 Enhanced rapid prototyping for faster product development processe Krause, F.-L.; Ciesla, M.; Stiel, Ch.; Ulbrich, A. 1997 Study and experiment on solidified depth of photopolymer resin for rapid prototyping Wang, Junjie; Liu, Tingzhang; Wang, Suqin; Lu, Bingheng 1998 Thermomechanical Analysis of the laminated object manufacturing process Fazil Sonmez, Thomas Hahn 1998 Improvements to the Stereolithography Calibration Process and Part Accuracy Steve Windsor 1998 A Process Planning Method for Improving Build Performance in Stereolithography A. West, DW Rosen 1998 Influence of the Laser ystems on the Physical Properties of Parts imaged Using Stereolithography Suresh Jayanthi 1998 Application of the Taguchi method and new hatch styles for quality improvement in stereolithography Onuh, S.O.; Hon, K.K.B. 1998 Method for assessing geometrical errors in layered manufacturing. Part 1: Error interaction and transfer mechanisms Liu, W.; Li, L.; Kochhar, A.K. 1998 Optimizing build parameters for improved surface finish in stereolithography Onuh, S.O.; Hon, K.K.B. 1998 Rapid prototyping by free sintering method (1st report). Fundamental study Nakazawa, H.; Ishikawa, M.; Matsumoto, Y 1998 Research on improving rapid prototyping Wang, Zhiyan; Wang, Xinlong; Liu, Shuang 1998 Development of a CAD environment to determine the preferred build-up direction for layered manufacturing Hur, Junghoon; Lee, Kunwoo 1999 Rapid PatternMaker System Accuracy Sanders Design 1999 Am interactive virtual system for simulation and optimization of rapid prototyping SH Choi S. Samavedam 1999 Benchmarking Rapid Tooling Processes Joseph Paxton 1999 Benchmark Study of Accuracy and Surface Quality in RP Models Mike Shellabear 1999 Die Cast Tooling from Rapid Prototyping Hardro, Peter J. & Stucker, Brent 1999 A Study of accuracy in Automated Fabrication Farentinos, S. & Khoshnevis, B 1999 Optimization of rapid prototypes with surface finish constraints: a study on the FDM technique A. Armillotta, GF Biggioggero, M. Carnevale, M. Monno 1999 The Decision Dilemma Assessment and Selection of Rapid Prototyping Process Chains Müller, H. & Schimmel, A. 1999 Quality Assurance in rapid prototyping in the process chain: CAD/CAM- Stereolithography-Vacuum Casting R. Wich, A. Bernard, Djeapragache, G. Tallilandier 1999 Benchmarking Various Methods of Layered manufacturing Systems in Rapid Prototyping K. Loose, T. Nakagawa 1999 Optimal Parameter Settings to Overcome Linear Shrinkage of Stereolithography Parts P. Manceau, W. Chen, S. Ahzi, G. Fadel 1999 3D visualization and modeling of the foot: Precision and accuracy Robertson, Douglas D.; Smith, Kirk E.; Commean, Paul K.; Mueller, Michael J.; Pilgram, Thomas 1999 Part orientation in stereolithography Pham, D.T.; Dimov, S.S.; Gault, R.S. 2000 3D Printer Benchmarking Project J. Almgren, Niel Hopkinson 2000 Improvements to the Stereolithography Calibration Process and part accuracy Steve Windsor 2000 Rapid Steel Part accuracy B Stucker 2000 Benchmarking Rapid Prototyping Technology/ Process and Assessing its Impact on New Product Development Performance Atul Mandal, Nagesh Murthy, Lucent, Siemens, Motorola 2000 3D Printer Benchmarking Project Almgren, J., Hopkinson, N. 2000 Assessment of SLA Part Accuracy Steve Windsor 2000 Effects of random noise shrinkage on rapid tooling accuracy Jacobs, Paul 2000 Parametric process optimization to improve the accuracy of rapid prototyped stereolithography parts Zhou, Jack G.; Herscovici, Daniel; Chen, Calvin C. 2000 Part build orientations based on volumetric error in fused deposition modelling Masood, S.H.; Rattanawong, W.; Iovenitti, P 2000 Generating optimal slice data for layered manufacturing Lee, K.H.; Choi, K 2000 Improving surface quality of selective laser sintered rapid prototype parts using robotic finishing Shi, D.; Gibson, I. 2000 Characterization of the laminated object manufacturing (LOM) process Park, Joon; Tari, Michael J.; Hahn, H. Thomas 2000 New practical adaptive slicing method for the SLP RP system to accelerate fabrication speed without accuracy sacrifice Jeng, Jeng-Ywan; Wong, Yue-Seng; Li, Yun-Ho High In-Plane Part Accuracy Dr. Hans Langer Standard Test Files for Benchmarking RP Systems R. Smith

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Some are the best in their fields. Some are second-rate achievers. But when the applause dies. Awards tarnish. Achievements are forgotten. Accolades and certificates are buried with their owners. ******************************************************************

Elaine T. Hunt, Director Laboratory to Advance Industrial Prototyping Clemson University 206 Fluor Daniel Bldg. Clemson, SC 29634-0925 864-656-0321 (voice) 864-656-4435 (fax)

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